South Carolina is comprised of 46 counties. The capital and largest city of the state is Columbia
. The state's coastline contains many salt marshes and estuaries, as well as natural ports such as Georgetown
. An unusual feature of the coastal plain is a large number of Carolina bays, the origins of which are uncertain. The bays tend to be oval, lining up in a northwest to southeast orientation. Excellent water sports! And you'll find the beaches in Horry
, (Myrtle Beach), Georgetown
, (Hilton Head), counties.
The northwestern part of the state is called the Piedmont and is also known as the Foothills. The Cherokee Parkway is a scenic driving route through this area. This is where Table Rock State Park is located.
Highest in elevation is the Blue Ridge Region, containing an escarpment of the Blue Ridge Mountains, which continue into and North Carolina and Georgia, as part of the southern Appalachian chain. Sassafras Mountain, South Carolina's highest point at 3,560 feet, is located in this area. Also located in this area is Caesars Head State Park. The Chattooga River, located on the border between South Carolina and Georgia, is a favorite whitewater rafting destination.
South Carolina's heritage is as colorful and diverse as its landscape. From its seafaring roots to its rich arts tradition, South Carolina holds an important place within the American cultural experience. Visit historic sites where America's past comes alive. Explore glorious lighthouses that have lit the way for generations of sailors and fishermen. Browse wonderful museums and delight in their marvelous treasures. Enjoy local fairs and festivals where traditions of old become the celebrations of today.
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